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·Home >> Divorce Law of America Canada and Australia

Family Law Act in Astralia 1975
Add Date:2008-12-24      
TABLE OF PROVISIONS
 
   PART I--PRELIMINARY
 
   1.      Short title [see Note 1] 
   2.      Commencement [see Note 1] 
   3.      Repeal and saving 
   4.      Interpretation 
   4AA.    De facto relationships 
   4A.     Third party proceedings to set aside financial agreement 
   5.      Debtor subject to a personal insolvency agreement 
   6.      Polygamous marriages 
   7.      Extension of Act to certain Territories 
   7A.     Application of the Criminal Code 
   8.      Supersession of existing laws 
   9.      Transitional 
   9A.     Use of protected names and symbols 
 
   PART II--NON-COURT BASED FAMILY SERVICES
 
           Division 1--Accreditation of family counsellors, family dispute resolution practitioners and other family service providers
 
   10A.    Accreditation Rules 
 
           Division 2--Family counselling
 
   10B.    Definition of family counselling 
   10C.    Definition of family counsellor 
   10D.    Confidentiality of communications in family counselling 
   10E.    Admissibility of communications in family counselling and in referrals from family counselling 
 
           Division 3--Family dispute resolution
 
   10F.    Definition of family dispute resolution 
   10G.    Definition of family dispute resolution practitioner 
   10H.    Confidentiality of communications in family dispute resolution 
   10J.    Admissibility of communications in family dispute resolution and in referrals from family dispute resolution 
   10K.    Family dispute resolution practitioners must comply with regulations 
 
           Division 4--Arbitration
 
   10L.    Definition of arbitration 
   10M.    Definition of arbitrator 
   10N.    Arbitrators may charge fees for their services 
   10P.    Immunity of arbitrators 
 
   PART III--FAMILY CONSULTANTS
 
           Division 1--About family consultants
 
   11A.    Functions of family consultants 
   11B.    Definition of family consultant 
   11C.    Admissibility of communications with family consultants and referrals from family consultants 
   11D.    Immunity of family consultants 
 
           Division 2--Courts' use of family consultants
 
   11E.    Courts to consider seeking advice from family consultants 
   11F.    Court may order parties to attend appointments with a family consultant 
   11G.    Consequences of failure to comply with order under section 11F 
 
   PART IIIA--OBLIGATIONS TO INFORM PEOPLE ABOUT NON-COURT BASED FAMILY SERVICES AND ABOUT COURT'S PROCESSES AND SERVICES
 
           Division 1--Introduction
 
   12A.    Objects of this Part 
 
           Division 2--Kind of information to be provided
 
   12B.    Prescribed information about non-court based family services and court's processes and services 
   12C.    Prescribed information about reconciliation 
   12D.    Prescribed information about Part VII proceedings 
 
           Division 3--Who must provide information, and when
 
   12E.    Obligations on legal practitioners 
   12F.    Obligations on principal executive officers of courts 
   12G.    Obligations on family counsellors, family dispute resolution practitioners and arbitrators 
 
   PART IIIB--COURT'S POWERS IN RELATION TO COURT AND NON-COURT BASED FAMILY SERVICES
 
           Division 1--Introduction
 
   13A.    Objects of this Part 
 
           Division 2--Help with reconciliation
 
   13B.    Court to accommodate possible reconciliations 
 
           Division 3--Referrals to family counselling, family dispute resolution and other family services
 
   13C.    Court may refer parties to family counselling, family dispute resolution and other family services 
   13D.    Consequences of failure to comply with order under section 13C 
 
           Division 4--Court's role in relation to arbitration of disputes
 
   13E.    Court may refer Part VIII proceedings to arbitration 
   13F.    Court may make orders to facilitate arbitration of certain disputes 
   13G.    Family Court and Federal Magistrates Court may determine questions of law referred by arbitrator 
   13H.    Awards made in arbitration may be registered in court 
   13J.    Family Court or Federal Magistrates Court can review registered awards 
   13K.    Family Court and Federal Magistrates Court may set aside registered awards 
 
   PART IV--THE FAMILY COURT OF
 
           Division 1--Interpretation
 
   20.     Interpretation 
 
           Division 2--The Family Court of
 
   21.     Creation of Court 
   21A.    Divisions of Court 
   21B.    Arrangement of business of Court 
 
           Division 3--Judges
 
   22.     Appointment, removal and resignation of Judges 
   23.     Seniority 
   24.     Absence or illness of Chief Judge 
   25.     Salary and Allowances 
   26.     Oath or affirmation of allegiance and office 
 
           Division 4--Judicial Registrars
 
   26A.    Judicial Registrars 
   26B.    Powers of Judicial Registrars 
   26C.    Review of decisions of Judicial Registrars 
   26D.    Exercise of delegated powers by Court 
   26E.    Application of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 to rules of court 
   26F.    Independence of Judicial Registrars 
   26G.    Judicial Registrars hold office on full time or part time basis 
   26H.    Qualifications for appointment etc. 
   26I.    Term of office 
   26J.    Remuneration and allowances 
   26JA.   Leave of absence 
   26K.    Resignation 
   26L.    Termination of appointment 
   26M.    Oath or affirmation of office 
   26N.    Terms and conditions of appointment not provided for by Act 
 
           Division 5--Jurisdiction and exercise of jurisdiction
 
   27.     Place of sitting 
   27A.    Change of venue 
   28.     Exercise of jurisdiction 
   30.     Court divided in opinion 
   31.     Original jurisdiction of Family Court 
   33.     Jurisdiction in associated matters 
   33A.    Proceedings not to be instituted in the Family Court if an associated matter is before the Federal Magistrates Court 
   33B.    Discretionary transfer of proceedings to the Federal Magistrates Court 
   33C.    Mandatory transfer of proceedings to the Federal Magistrates Court 
   34.     Issue of certain writs etc. 
   35.     Contempt of court 
 
           Division 6--Registries and officers
 
   36.     Registries 
   37.     Officers of Court 
   37A.    Delegation of powers to Registrars 
   37B.    Independence of Registrars 
   37C.    Oath or affirmation of office 
 
           Division 7--Practice and procedure
 
   38.     Practice and procedure 
 
   PART IVA--MANAGEMENT OF THE COURT
 
           Division 1--Management responsibilities of the Chief Judge and the Chief Executive Officer
 
   38A.    Management of administrative affairs of Court 
   38B.    Chief Executive Officer 
 
           Division 1A--Administration of Court's family services
 
   38BA.   Chief Executive Officer has functions of family consultants 
   38BB.   Chief Executive Officer may delegate powers and functions that relate to family consultants 
   38BC.   Chief Executive Officer may give directions that relate to family services functions 
   38BD.   Chief Executive Officer may authorise officer or staff member to act as family counsellor or family dispute resolution practitioner 
 
           Division 2--Appointment, powers etc
 
   38C.    Appointment of Chief Executive Officer 
   38D.    Powers of Chief Executive Officer 
   38E.    Remuneration of Chief Executive Officer 
   38F.    Terms and conditions of appointment of Chief Executive Officer 
   38G.    Leave of absence 
   38H.    Resignation 
   38J.    Outside employment of Chief Executive Officer 
   38K.    Termination of appointment 
   38L.    Disclosure of interests by Chief Executive Officer 
   38M.    Acting Chief Executive Officer 
 
           Division 3--Other officers and staff of Registries
 
   38N.    Personnel other than the Chief Executive Officer 
   38P.    Marshal 
   38Q.    Statutory Agency etc. for purposes of Public Service Act 
   38R.    Engagement of consultants etc. 
 
           Division 4--Miscellaneous administrative matters
 
   38S.    Annual report 
   38W.    Delegation of administrative powers of Chief Judge 
   38X.    Proceedings arising out of administration of Court 
 
   PART V--JURISDICTION IN MATRIMONIAL CAUSES
 
   39.     Jurisdiction in matrimonial causes 
   40.     Jurisdiction of Family Court 
   40A.    Exercise of jurisdiction of Federal Magistrates Court in certain States and Territories 
   41.     Establishment of State Family Courts 
   42.     Law to be applied 
   43.     Principles to be applied by courts 
   44.     Institution of proceedings 
   44A.    Proceedings for divorce order 
   45.     Stay and transfer of proceedings 
   46.     Transfer of proceedings from court of summary jurisdiction in certain cases 
   47.     Courts to act in aid of each other 
 
   PART VI--DIVORCE AND NULLITY OF MARRIAGE
 
   48.     Divorce 
   49.     Meaning of separation 
   50.     Effect of resumption of cohabitation 
   51.     Nullity of marriage 
   52.     Court not to make divorce order where application for decree of nullity before it 
   53.     Circumstances occurring before commencement of Act or outside Australia 
   55.     When divorce order takes effect 
   55A.    Divorce order where children 
   56.     Certificate as to divorce order 
   57.     Rescission of divorce order where parties reconciled 
   58.     Rescission of divorce order on ground of miscarriage of justice 
   59.     Re-marriage 
 
   PART VII--CHILDREN
 
           Division 1--Introductory
 
              Subdivision A--What this Division does
 
   60A.    What this Division does 
 
              Subdivision B--Object, principles and outline
 
   60B.    Objects of Part and principles underlying it 
   60C.    Outline of Part 
 
              Subdivision BA--Best interests of the child
 
   60CA.   Child's best interests paramount consideration in making a parenting order 
   60CB.   Proceedings to which Subdivision applies 
   60CC.   How a court determines what is in a child's best interests 
   60CD.   How the views of a child are expressed 
   60CE.   Children not required to express views 
   60CF.   Informing court of relevant family violence orders 
   60CG.   Court to consider risk of family violence 
 
              Subdivision C--Interpretation and application of Part
 
   60E.    Application of Part to void marriages 
 
              Subdivision D--Interpretation--how this Act applies to certain children
 
   60EA.   Definition of de facto partner 
   60F.    Certain children are children of marriage etc. 
   60G.    Family Court may grant leave for adoption proceedings by prescribed adopting parent 
   60H.    Children born as a result of artificial conception procedures 
   60HA.   Children of de facto partners 
   60HB.   Children born under surrogacy arrangements 
 
              Subdivision E--Family dispute resolution
 
   60I.    Attending family dispute resolution before applying for Part VII order 
   60J.    Family dispute resolution not attended because of child abuse or family violence 
   60K.    Court to take prompt action in relation to allegations of child abuse or family violence 
 
           Division 2--Parental responsibility
 
   61A.    What this Division does 
   61B.    Meaning of parental responsibility 
   61C.    Each parent has parental responsibility (subject to court orders) 
   61D.    Parenting orders and parental responsibility 
   61DA.   Presumption of equal shared parental responsibility when making parenting orders 
   61DB.   Application of presumption of equal shared parental responsibility after interim parenting order made 
   61E.    Effect of adoption on parental responsibility 
   61F.    Application to Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander children 
 
           Division 3--Reports relating to children under 18
 
   62A.    What this Division does 
   62B.    Court's obligation to inform people to whom Part VII orders apply about family counselling, family dispute resolution and other family services 
   62G.    Reports by family consultants 
 
           Division 4--Parenting plans
 
   63A.    What this Division does 
   63B.    Parents encouraged to reach agreement 
   63C.    Meaning of parenting plan and related terms 
   63CAA.  Parenting plans may include child support provisions 
   63D.    Parenting plan may be varied or revoked by further written agreement 
   63DA.   Obligations of advisers 
   63DB.   Registered parenting plans 
   63E.    Registration of a revocation of a registered parenting plan 
   63F.    Child welfare provisions of registered parenting plans 
   63G.    Child maintenance provisions of registered parenting plans--where not enforceable as maintenance agreements 
   63H.    Court's powers to set aside, discharge, vary, suspend or revive registered parenting plans 
 
           Division 5--Parenting orders--what they are
 
   64A.    What this Division does 
   64B.    Meaning of parenting order and related terms 
   64C.    Parenting orders may be made in favour of parents or other persons 
   64D.    Parenting orders subject to later parenting plans 
 
           Division 6--Parenting orders other than child maintenance orders
 
              Subdivision A--Introductory
 
   65A.    What this Division does 
   65AA.   Child's best interests paramount consideration in making a parenting order 
   65B.    Division does not apply to child maintenance orders 
 
              Subdivision B--Applying for and making parenting orders
 
   65C.    Who may apply for a parenting order 
   65D.    Court's power to make parenting order 
   65DAA.  Court to consider child spending equal time or substantial and significant time with each parent in certain circumstances 
   65DAB.  Court to have regard to parenting plans 
   65DAC.  Effect of parenting order that provides for shared parental responsibility 
   65DAE.  No need to consult on issues that are not major long-term issues 
   65DA.   Parenting orders 
   65F.    General requirements for counselling before parenting order made 
   65G.    Special conditions for making parenting order about whom a child lives with or the allocation of parental responsibility by consent in favour of non-parent 
   65H.    Children who are 18 or over or who have married or entered de facto relationships 
   65J.    Effect of adoption on parenting order 
   65K.    What happens when parenting order that deals with whom a child lives with does not make provision in relation to death of parent with whom child lives 
   65L.    Family consultants may be required to supervise or assist compliance with parenting orders 
   65LA.   Court may order attendance at a post-separation parenting program 
   65LB.   Conditions for providers of post-separation parenting programs 
 
              Subdivision C--General obligations created by certain parenting orders
 
   65M.    General obligations created by parenting order that deals with whom a child lives with 
   65N.    General obligations created by parenting order that deals with whom a child spends time with 
   65NA.   General obligations created by parenting order that deals with whom a child communicates with 
   65P.    General obligations created by parenting order that allocates parental responsibility 
   65Q.    Court may issue warrant for arrest of alleged offender 
 
              Subdivision D--Dealing with people who have been arrested
 
   65R.    Situation to which Subdivision applies 
   65S.    Arrested person to be brought before a court 
   65T.    Obligation of court--where application before it to deal with contravention 
   65U.    Obligation of court--where no application before it, but application before another court, to deal with contravention 
   65V.    Obligation of court--where no application before any court to deal with contravention 
   65W.    Applications heard as required by subsection 65T(2) or paragraph 65U(3)(b) 
 
              Subdivision E--Obligations under parenting orders relating to taking or sending children from
 
   65X.    Interpretation 
   65Y.    Obligations if certain parenting orders have been made 
   65Z.    Obligations if proceedings for the making of certain parenting orders are pending 
   65ZA.   Obligations of owners etc. of aircraft and vessels if certain parenting orders made 
   65ZB.   Obligations of owners etc. of aircraft and vessels if proceedings for the making of certain parenting orders are pending 
   65ZC.   General provisions applicable to sections 65ZA and 65ZB 
   65ZD.   State or Territory laws stopping children leaving Australia not affected 
 
           Division 7--Child maintenance orders
 
              Subdivision A--What this Division does
 
   66A.    What this Division does 
 
              Subdivision B--Objects and principles
 
   66B.    Objects 
   66C.    Principles--parents have primary duty to maintain 
   66D.    Principles--when step-parents have a duty to maintain 
 
              Subdivision C--Relationship with Child Support
 
   66E.    Child maintenance order not to be made etc. if application for administrative assessment of child support could be made 
 
              Subdivision D--Applying for and making child maintenance orders
 
   66F.    Who may apply for a child maintenance order 
   66G.    Court's power to make child maintenance order 
   66H.    Approach to be taken in proceedings for child maintenance order 
   66J.    Matters to be taken into account in considering financial support necessary for maintenance of child 
   66K.    Matters to be taken into account in determining contribution that should be made by party etc. 
   66L.    Children who are 18 or over 
   66M.    When step-parents have a duty to maintain 
   66N.    Determining financial contribution of step-parent 
 
              Subdivision E--Other aspects of courts' powers
 
   66P.    General powers of court 
   66Q.    Urgent child maintenance orders 
   66R.    Specification in orders of payments etc. for child maintenance purposes 
   66S.    Modification of child maintenance orders 
 
              Subdivision EA--Varying the maintenance of certain children
 
   66SA.   Varying the maintenance of certain children 
 
              Subdivision F--When child maintenance orders stop being in force
 
   66T.    Effect of child turning 18 
   66U.    Effect of death of child, person liable to pay or person entitled to receive 
   66V.    Effect of adoption, marriage or entering into a de facto relationship 
   66VA.   Children who are 18 or over: change of circumstances 
   66W.    Recovery of arrears 
 
              Subdivision G--Recovery of amounts paid under maintenance orders
 
   66X.    Recovery of amounts paid, and property transferred or settled, under maintenance orders 
 
           Division 8--Other matters relating to children
 
              Subdivision A--What this Division does
 
   67A.    What this Division does 
 
              Subdivision B--Father's liability to contribute towards child bearing expenses if not married to mother
 
   67B.    Father liable to contribute towards maintenance and expenses of mother 
   67C.    Matters to be taken into account in proceedings under Subdivision 
   67D.    Powers of court in proceedings under Subdivision 
   67E.    Urgent orders 
   67F.    Who may institute proceedings 
   67G.    Time limit for institution of proceedings 
 
              Subdivision C--Location and recovery of children
 
   67J.    Meaning of location order and Commonwealth information order 
   67K.    Who may apply for a location order 
   67L.    Child's best interests paramount consideration in making a location order 
   67M.    Provisions about location orders, other than Commonwealth information orders 
   67N.    Provisions about Commonwealth information orders 
   67P.    Information provided under location order not to be disclosed except to limited persons 
   67Q.    Meaning of recovery order 
   67R.    How recovery orders authorise or direct people 
   67S.    How recovery orders to stop and search etc. name or describe vehicles, places etc. 
   67T.    Who may apply for a recovery order 
   67U.    Court's power to make recovery order 
   67V.    Child's best interests paramount consideration in making a recovery order 
   67W.    How long recovery order remains in force 
   67X.    Persons not to prevent or hinder taking of action under recovery order 
   67Y.    Obligation to notify persons of child's return 
 
              Subdivision D--Allegations of child abuse
 
   67Z.    Where party to proceedings makes allegation of child abuse 
   67ZA.   Where member of the Court personnel, family counsellor, family dispute resolution practitioner or arbitrator suspects child abuse etc. 
   67ZB.   No liability for notification under section 67Z or 67ZA 
 
              Subdivision E--Other orders about children
 
   67ZC.   Orders relating to welfare of children 
   67ZD.   Orders for delivery of passports 
 
           Division 9--Injunctions
 
   68A.    What this Division does 
   68B.    Injunctions 
   68C.    Powers of arrest 
 
           Division 10--Independent representation of child's interests
 
   68L.    Court order for independent representation of child's interests 
   68LA.   Role of independent children's lawyer 
   68M.    Order that child be made available for examination 
 
           Division 11--Family violence
 
   68N.    Purposes of this Division 
   68P.    Obligations of court making an order or granting an injunction under this Act that is inconsistent with an existing family violence order 
   68Q.    Relationship of order or injunction made under this Act with existing inconsistent family violence order 
   68R.    Power of court making a family violence order to revive, vary, discharge or suspend an existing order, injunction or arrangement under this Act 
   68S.    Application of Act and Rules when exercising section 68R power 
   68T.    Special provisions relating to proceedings to make an interim (or interim variation of) family violence order 
 
           Division 12--Proceedings and jurisdiction
 
              Subdivision A--What this Division does
 
   69A.    What this Division does 
 
              Subdivision B--Institution of proceedings and procedure
 
   69B.    Certain proceedings to be instituted only under this Part 
   69C.    Who may institute proceedings 
   69D.    Institution of maintenance proceedings by authorised authority or person 
   69E.    Child or parent to be present in Australia etc. 
   69F.    Applicant may be in contempt 
 
              Subdivision C--Jurisdiction of courts
 
   69G.    Interpretation 
   69H.    Jurisdiction of Family Court, State Family Courts, Northern Territory Supreme Court and Federal Magistrates Court 
   69J.    Jurisdiction of courts of summary jurisdiction 
   69K.    Territory court does not have jurisdiction unless a party is ordinarily resident in the Territory 
   69L.    Jurisdiction in relation to transferred matters under other Commonwealth laws 
   69M.    Jurisdiction is additional to other jurisdiction 
   69N.    Transfer of proceedings from courts of summary jurisdiction in certain cases 
 
              Subdivision D--Presumptions of parentage
 
   69P.    Presumptions of parentage arising from marriage 
   69Q.    Presumption of paternity arising from cohabitation 
   69R.    Presumption of parentage arising from registration of birth 
   69S.    Presumptions of parentage arising from findings of courts 
   69T.    Presumption of paternity arising from acknowledgments 
   69U.    Rebuttal of presumptions etc. 
 
              Subdivision E--Parentage evidence
 
   69V.    Evidence of parentage 
   69VA.   Declarations of parentage 
   69W.    Orders for carrying out of parentage testing procedures 
   69X.    Orders associated with parentage testing orders 
   69XA.   Matters related particularly to parentage testing for purposes of an international agreement or arrangement 
   69Y.    Orders directed to persons 18 or over 
   69Z.    Orders directed to children under 18 
   69ZA.   No liability if parent etc. consents 
   69ZB.   Regulations about carrying out, and reporting on, parentage testing procedures 
   69ZC.   Reports of information obtained may be received in evidence 
   69ZD.   Parentage testing for purposes of international maintenance agreements 
 
              Subdivision F--Extension, application and additional operation of Part
 
   69ZE.   Extension of Part to the States 
   69ZF.   Unless declaration in force, Part's extension to a State has effect subject to modifications 
   69ZG.   Application of Part in, and in relation to, Territories 
   69ZH.   Additional application of Part 
   69ZJ.   Additional jurisdiction of courts 
   69ZK.   Child welfare laws not affected 
 
           Division 12A--Principles for conducting child-related proceedings
 
              Subdivision A--Proceedings to which this Division applies
 
   69ZM.   Proceedings to which this Division applies 
 
              Subdivision B--Principles for conducting child-related proceedings
 
   69ZN.   Principles for conducting child-related proceedings 
   69ZO.   This Division also applies to proceedings in Chambers 
   69ZP.   Powers under this Division may be exercised on court's own initiative 
 
              Subdivision C--Duties and powers related to giving effect to the principles
 
   69ZQ.   General duties 
   69ZR.   Power to make determinations, findings and orders at any stage of proceedings 
   69ZS.   Use of family consultants 
 
              Subdivision D--Matters relating to evidence
 
   69ZT.   Rules of evidence not to apply unless court decides 
   69ZU.   Evidence of family consultants 
   69ZV.   Evidence of children 
   69ZW.   Evidence relating to child abuse or family violence 
   69ZX.   Court's general duties and powers relating to evidence 
 
           Division 13--State, Territory and overseas orders
 
              Subdivision A--What this Division does
 
   70A.    What this Division does 
 
              Subdivision B--Registration of State and Territory orders
 
   70C.    General registration of orders made under law of prescribed State 
   70D.    Registration of orders in a particular State 
   70E.    Effect of registration 
 
              Subdivision C--Registration of overseas orders
 
   70G.    Registration of orders 
   70H.    Effect of registration--general 
   70J.    Effect of registration on exercise of jurisdiction 
   70K.    Cancellation of registration if Subdivision C parenting order made 
   70L.    Relationship between Australian orders and registered overseas child orders 
 
              Subdivision D--Transmission of Australian orders to overseas jurisdictions
 
   70M.    Registrar to send documents etc. to overseas jurisdiction 
   70N.    Regulations may deal with sending Australian orders etc. to overseas jurisdiction 
 
           Division 13A--Consequences of failure to comply with orders, and other obligations, that affect children
 
              Subdivision A--Preliminary
 
   70NAA.  Simplified outline of Division 
   70NAB.  Application of Division 
   70NAC.  Meaning of contravened an order 
   70NAD.  Requirements taken to be included in certain orders 
   70NAE.  Meaning of reasonable excuse for contravening an order 
   70NAF.  Standard of proof 
 
              Subdivision B--Court's power to vary parenting order
 
   70NBA.  Variation of parenting order 
   70NBB.  Effect of parenting plan 
 
              Subdivision C--Contravention alleged but not established
 
   70NCA.  Application of Subdivision 
   70NCB.  Costs 
 
              Subdivision D--Contravention established but reasonable excuse for contravention
 
   70NDA.  Application of Subdivision 
   70NDB.  Order compensating person for time lost 
   70NDC.  Costs 
 
              Subdivision E--Contravention without reasonable excuse
 
   70NEA.  Application of Subdivision 
   70NEB.  Powers of court 
   70NEC.  Bonds 
   70NED.  Duties of provider of post-separation parenting program 
   70NEF.  Evidence 
   70NEG.  Court may make further orders in relation to attendance at program 
 
              Subdivision F--Contravention without reasonable excuse
 
   70NFA.  Application of Subdivision 
   70NFB.  Powers of court 
   70NFC.  When court is empowered to make a community service order 
   70NFD.  Variation and discharge of community service orders 
   70NFE.  Bonds 
   70NFF.  Procedure for enforcing community service orders or bonds 
   70NFG.  Sentences of imprisonment 
   70NFH.  Relationship between Subdivision and other laws 
   70NFI.  Arrangements with States and Territories for carrying out of sentences and orders 
   70NFJ.  Subdivision does not limit operation of section 105 
 
           Division 14--Miscellaneous
 
   70P.    What this Division does 
   70Q.    Certain instruments not liable to duty 
 
   PART VIII--PROPERTY, SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE AND MAINTENANCE AGREEMENTS
 
   71.     Interpretation 
   71A.    This Part does not apply to certain matters covered by binding financial agreements 
   72.     Right of spouse to maintenance 
   74.     Power of court in spousal maintenance proceedings 
   75.     Matters to be taken into consideration in relation to spousal maintenance 
   77.     Urgent spousal maintenance cases 
   77A.    Specification in orders of payments etc. for spouse maintenance purposes 
   78.     Declaration of interests in property 
   79.     Alteration of property interests 
   79A.    Setting aside of orders altering property interests 
   79B.    Notification of proceeds of crime orders etc. 
   79C.    Court to stay property or spousal maintenance proceedings affected by proceeds of crime orders etc. 
   79D.    Lifting a stay 
   79E.    Intervention by DPP 
   79F.    Notifying third parties about application 
   79G.    Notifying bankruptcy trustee etc. about application under section 74, 78, 79 or 79A 
   79H.    Notifying court about bankruptcy etc. 
   79J.    Notifying non-bankrupt spouse about application under section 139A of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 
   80.     General powers of court 
   81.     Duty of court to end financial relations 
   82.     Cessation of spousal maintenance orders 
   83.     Modification of spousal maintenance orders 
   85A.    Ante-nuptial and post-nuptial settlements 
   86A.    Certain maintenance agreements ineffective 
   86.     Registered maintenance agreements 
   87.     Operation of maintenance agreements entered into in substitution for rights under Act [see Note 2] 
   87A.    Specification in maintenance agreements of payments etc. for maintenance purposes 
   88.     Enforcement of maintenance agreements 
   89.     Overseas maintenance agreements 
   89A.    Institution of spousal maintenance proceedings by authority or person 
   90.     Certain instruments not liable to duty 
 
   PART VIIIAA--ORDERS AND INJUNCTIONS BINDING THIRD PARTIES
 
           Division 1--Preliminary
 
              Subdivision A--Scope of this Part
 
   90AA.   Object of this Part 
   90AB.   Definitions 
   90AC.   This Part overrides other laws, trust deeds etc. 
   90ACA.  This Part not to apply to certain annuities 
   90AD.   Extended meaning of matrimonial cause and property 
   90ADA.  Other provisions of this Act not affected by this Part 
 
           Division 2--Orders under section 79
 
   90AE.   Court may make an order under section 79 binding a third party 
 
           Division 3--Orders or injunctions under section 114
 
   90AF.   Court may make an order or injunction under section 114 binding a third party 
 
           Division 4--Other matters
 
   90AG.   Orders and injunctions binding on trustees 
   90AH.   Protection for a third party 
   90AI.   Service of documents on a third party 
   90AJ.   Expenses of third party 
   90AK.   Acquisition of property 
 
   PART VIIIA--FINANCIAL AGREEMENTS
 
   90A.    Definitions 
   90B.    Financial agreements before marriage 
   90C.    Financial agreements during marriage 
   90D.    Financial agreements after divorce order is made 
   90DA.   Need for separation declaration for certain provisions of financial agreement to take effect 
   90DB.   Whether or when certain other provisions of financial agreements take effect 
   90E.    Requirements with respect to provisions in financial agreements relating to the maintenance of a party or a child or children 
   90F.    Certain provisions in agreements 
   90G.    When financial agreements are binding 
   90H.    Effect of death of party to financial agreement 
   90J.    Termination of financial agreement 
   90K.    Circumstances in which court may set aside a financial agreement or termination agreement 
   90KA.   Validity, enforceability and effect of financial agreements and termination agreements 
   90L.    Financial and other agreements etc. not liable to duty 
   90M.    Notification of proceeds of crime orders etc. 
   90N.    Court to stay property or spousal maintenance proceedings affected by proceeds of crime orders etc. 
   90P.    Lifting a stay 
   90Q.    Intervention by DPP 
 
   PART VIIIB--SUPERANNUATION INTERESTS
 
           Division 1--Preliminary
 
              Subdivision A--Scope of this Part
 
   90MA.   Object of this Part 
   90MB.   This Part overrides other laws, trust deeds etc. 
   90MC.   Extended meaning of matrimonial cause 
 
              Subdivision B--Interpretation
 
   90MD.   Definitions 
   90MDA.  Extended meaning of trustee 
   90ME.   Splittable payments 
   90MF.   Reversionary interest 
   90MG.   Meaning of in force 
 
           Division 2--Payment splitting or flagging by agreement
 
              Subdivision A--Superannuation agreements
 
   90MH.   Superannuation agreement to be included in financial agreement 
 
              Subdivision B--Payment splitting
 
   90MI.   Operative time for payment split 
   90MJ.   Payment split under superannuation agreement or flag lifting agreement 
 
              Subdivision C--Payment flagging
 
   90MK.   Operative time for payment flag 
   90ML.   Payment flag 
   90MLA.  Some splittable payments payable if payment flag operating 
   90MM.   Payment flag may be terminated by court 
   90MN.   Flag lifting agreement etc. 
 
              Subdivision D--Miscellaneous
 
   90MO.   Limitation on section 79 order 
   90MP.   Separation declaration 
   90MQ.   Superannuation interests in excess of low rate cap amount 
   90MR.   Enforcement by court order 
 
           Division 3--Payment splitting or flagging by court order
 
   90MS.   Order under section 79 may include orders in relation to superannuation interests 
   90MT.   Splitting order 
   90MU.   Flagging order 
   90MUA.  Some splittable payments may be made without leave of court 
 
           Division 4--General provisions about payment splitting
 
   90MV.   Court may cancel payment split 
   90MW.   Deductions from splittable payment before calculating payment split 
   90MX.   Multiple payment splits applying to the same splittable payment 
   90MY.   Fees payable to trustee 
   90MZ.   Superannuation preservation requirements 
   90MZA.  Waiver of rights under payment split 
   90MZB.  Trustee to provide information 
   90MZC.  Death of non-member spouse 
 
           Division 5--Miscellaneous
 
   90MZD.  Orders binding on trustee 
   90MZE.  Protection for trustee 
   90MZF.  Service of documents on trustee 
   90MZG.  False declarations 
   90MZH.  Terminating employment because of payment flag etc. 
 
   PART IX--INTERVENTION
 
   91.     Intervention by Attorney-General 
   91A.    Delegation by Attorney-General 
   91B.    Intervention by child welfare officer 
   92.     Intervention by other persons 
   92A.    Intervention in child abuse cases 
 
   PART X--APPEALS
 
   93.     No appeal after divorce order takes effect 
   93A.    Appellate jurisdiction of Family Court 
   94.     Appeals to Family Court from courts other than the Federal Magistrates Court and the Magistrates Court of Western Australia 
   94AAA.  Appeals to Family Court from the Federal Magistrates Court and the Magistrates Court of Western Australia 
   94AAB.  Appeals, and applications for leave, without oral hearing 
   94AA.   Leave to appeal needed in some cases 
   94A.    Case stated 
   95.     Appeals to High Court 
   96.     Appeals from courts of summary jurisdiction 
   96AA.   Power to dismiss appeal 
   96A.    Part does not apply to section 111C jurisdiction 
 
   PART XI--PROCEDURE AND EVIDENCE
 
           Division 1--General matters concerning procedure and evidence
 
   97.     Procedure 
   98.     Evidence by affidavit 
   98A.    Proceedings in absence of parties 
   100.    Evidence of husbands and wives 
   100B.   Children swearing affidavits, being called as witnesses or being present in court 
   100C.   Evidence in respect of which a child is a protected confider 
   101.    Protection of witnesses 
   102.    Proof of birth, parentage, death or marriage 
   102A.   Restrictions on examination of children 
   102B.   Assessors 
 
           Division 2--Use of video link, audio link or other appropriate means to give testimony, make appearances and give submissions etc
 
   102C.   Testimony 
   102D.   Appearance of persons 
   102E.   Making of submissions 
   102F.   Conditions for use of links 
   102G.   Putting documents to a person 
   102H.   Putting documents to a split court 
   102J.   Administration of oaths and affirmations 
   102K.   Expenses 
   102L.   New Zealand proceedings 
 
           Division 3--Split
 
   102M.   Determination that there is to be a split court 
   102N.   Conditions for split court 
 
   PART XII--RECOGNITION OF DECREES
 
   103.    Decrees under this Act 
   104.    Overseas decrees 
   104A.   Recognition in external Territories 
 
   PART XIII--ENFORCEMENT OF DECREES
 
   105.    Enforcement generally 
   106.    Maintenance orders--more than 12 months in arrears 
   106A.   Execution of instruments by order of court 
   106B.   Transactions to defeat claims 
   107.    People not to be imprisoned for failure to comply with certain orders 
   109.    Inter-State enforcement of child bearing expenses order 
   109A.   Rules of Court relating to enforcement 
   109B.   Rules of Court relating to enforcement--Federal Magistrates Court 
 
   PART XIIIAA--INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS, INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS AND INTERNATIONAL ENFORCEMENT
 
           Division 1--International maintenance orders and agreements etc
 
   110.    Overseas enforcement of maintenance orders etc. 
   110A.   Registration and enforcement in Australia of overseas maintenance agreements etc. 
   110B.   Transmission of agreements etc. to overseas jurisdictions 
   111.    Convention on Recovery Abroad of Maintenance 
   111A.   Convention on Recognition and Enforcement of Decisions Relating to Maintenance Obligations 
   111AA.  Maintenance obligations with New Zealand 
   111AB.  Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Australia for the enforcement of Maintenance (Support) Obligations 
 
           Division 2--International child abduction
 
   111B.   Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction 
 
           Division 3--International agreements about adoption etc
 
   111C.   International agreements about adoption etc. 
 
           Division 4--International protection of children
 
              Subdivision A--Preliminary
 
   111CA.  Definitions 
   111CB.  Relationship between this Division and other provisions 
 
              Subdivision B--Jurisdiction for the person of a child
 
   111CC.  Application of this Subdivision 
   111CD.  Jurisdiction relating to the person of a child 
   111CE.  Limitation when a child is wrongfully removed from or retained outside a Convention country 
   111CF.  Limitations when prior proceedings pending in a Convention country 
   111CG.  If a court is asked to assume jurisdiction 
   111CH.  Limitation if a competent authority of a Convention country is asked to assume jurisdiction 
   111CI.  When a certain Commonwealth personal protection measure lapses 
 
              Subdivision C--Jurisdiction for decisions about a guardian of a child's property
 
   111CJ.  Application of this Subdivision 
   111CK.  Jurisdiction to appoint, or determine the powers of, a guardian for a child's property 
   111CL.  Limitation when a child is wrongfully removed from or retained outside a Convention country 
   111CM.  Limitations when prior proceedings pending in a Convention country 
   111CN.  If a court is asked to assume jurisdiction 
   111CO.  Limitation if a competent authority of a Convention country is asked to assume jurisdiction 
   111CP.  When a certain Commonwealth property protection measure lapses 
 
              Subdivision D--Applicable law
 
   111CQ.  Meaning of law 
   111CR.  Applicable law generally 
   111CS.  Applicable law concerning parental responsibility 
 
              Subdivision E--Recognition of foreign measures
 
   111CT.  Effect of registered foreign measures 
 
              Subdivision F--Co-operation
 
   111CU.  Obligation to obtain consent to place child 
   111CV.  Obligation to inform competent authority about serious danger to a child 
   111CW.  Court proceedings dealing with whom a child spends time with 
   111CX.  Jurisdiction for a location order or a Commonwealth information order 
   111CY.  Giving information to central authorities and competent authorities in Convention countries 
 
              Subdivision G--Regulations
 
   111CZ.  Regulations to implement the Convention 
 
           Division 5--Other matters
 
   111D.   Regulations may provide for rules of evidence 
 
   PART XIIIA--SANCTIONS FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH ORDERS, AND OTHER OBLIGATIONS, THAT DO NOT AFFECT CHILDREN
 
           Division 1--Interpretation
 
   112AA.  Interpretation 
   112AB.  Meaning of contravene an order 
   112AC.  Meaning of reasonable excuse for contravening an order 
 
           Division 2--Sanctions for failure to comply with orders
 
   112AD.  Sanctions for failure to comply with orders 
   112AE.  Sentences of imprisonment 
   112AF.  Bonds 
   112AG.  Additional sentencing alternatives 
   112AH.  Failure to comply with sentence passed, or order made, pursuant to paragraph 112AD(2)(b) 
   112AK.  Variation and discharge of orders 
   112AM.  Relationship between Division and other laws 
   112AN.  Arrangements with States and Territories for carrying out of sentences and orders 
   112AO.  Division does not limit operation of section 105 
 
   PART XIIIB--CONTEMPT OF COURT
 
   112AP.  Contempt 
 
   PART XIV--DECLARATIONS AND INJUNCTIONS
 
   112A.   Interpretation 
   113.    Proceedings for declarations 
   114.    Injunctions 
   114AA.  Powers of arrest 
   114AB.  Operation of State and Territory laws 
 
   PART XIVA--THE AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF FAMILY STUDIES
 
   114A.   Interpretation 
   114B.   Establishment of Institute 
   114C.   Minister may give directions to Director 
   114D.   Appointment of Director 
   114E.   Term of appointment 
   114F.   Acting appointments 
   114G.   Director's remuneration 
   114H.   Outside employment 
   114J.   Leave of absence 
   114K.   Disclosure of interests 
   114L.   Other terms and conditions 
   114LA.  Resignation 
   114LB.  Termination of appointment 
   114LC.  Annual reports 
   114LD.  Delegation 
   114M.   Staff 
 
   PART XV--MISCELLANEOUS
 
   115.    Family Law Council 
   116C.   Payments to legal practitioners by legal aid bodies 
   117.    Costs 
   117AA.  Costs in proceedings relating to overseas enforcement and international Conventions 
   117AB.  Costs where false allegation or statement made 
   117AC.  Security for costs 
   117A.   Reparation for certain losses and expenses relating to children 
   117B.   Interest on moneys ordered to be paid 
   117C.   Offers of settlement 
   118.    Frivolous or vexatious proceedings 
   119.    Married persons may sue each other 
   120.    Criminal conversation, adultery and enticement 
   121.    Restriction on publication of court proceedings 
   122.    Rights of legal practitioners 
   122AA.  Use of reasonable force in arresting persons 
   122A.   Powers of entry and search for purposes of arresting persons 
   122B.   Arrangements with States and Territories 
   123.    Rules of Court 
   124.    Rules Advisory Committee 
   124A.   Regulations in relation to overseas-related maintenance obligations etc. 
   125.    Regulations 
           SCHEDULE 1 Child Protection Convention
 
 

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